Pregnant newbie? Relax, in the preparation classes for childbirth; you will be prepared for the most crucial moment of your life. Know when to start with them, how long they last and what techniques you will learn there.
Generally, labor courses begin in the sixth or seventh month of pregnancy, although they may continue from the first trimester; They consist of a theoretical part and a part of prenatal gymnastics. Most parents choose a six or seven session course during the last quarter.
The idea that maintained in many future mothers is a preparation without pain. This is bad. Neither is prepared exclusively for labor or delivery without pain unless an anesthetic substance used. Because of this, many women who have decided to request epidural anesthesia do not attend the preparation courses thinking that they no longer need it.
The main objective of the preparation classes for childbirth is to prepare for labor and to face the physical effort raised by the final line of gestation and the birth of the baby, but it will cover much more:
Breathing and relaxation techniques that help reduce pain.
Learn to distinguish if something goes wrong or if the work has already started.
Resolve questions that arise during pregnancy, delivery, postpartum and baby care.
Teach pregnant women to take responsibility for their health and that of their child, and to replace habits that are not suitable for others who are.
The content of the preparation classes for childbirth divided into:
Theoretical courses: in which the changes of pregnancy explained, how to recognize the signs of childbirth, what epidural anesthesia is, the follow-up, what happens in each of the phases of childbirth, and so on.
Practical classes: including prenatal gymnastics, relaxation techniques, training for different phases of labor, control of breathing and postural measures.
Preparation techniques for childbirth
Two of the most used procedures in the courses for the preparation of the childbirth are: The Bradley method and Lamaze technique.
The Bradley method of preparing for childbirth, named after its founder, Dr. Robert A. Bradley (1917-1998), is characterized by a natural approach to childbirth, including the active participation of the baby’s father. One of the objectives is to avoid administering medication unless it is essential.
During pregnancy, the Bradley method emphasizes the importance of diet and exercise, learning relaxation techniques (such as deep breathing and concentration in different parts of the body) and the ability of parents to witness and actively participate in the birth process.
Although Bradley’s method recommends delivery without analgesics, it also prepares parents for complications or unexpected situations, such as emergency cesareans.
In postpartum, the method recommends breastfeeding and constant contact of the parents with the baby. This method is chosen by many women who give birth in their home or other non-hospital areas.
You must consider the following before delivery:
Nutrition during pregnancy
Physical changes associated with pregnancy
Complications that may arise in pregnancy and childbirth
Natural techniques to reduce pain during childbirth.
Techniques on how to make an offer.
Preparation for postpartum, breastfeeding and bonding with the baby.
A Lamaze technique to prepare delivery is a philosophy that emerged in the 50s, which takes its name from French obstetrician Ferdinand Lamaze, who says that childbirth is a reasonable and natural physiological process and that women should be prepared to address it without fear and With confidence.
Lamaze’s goal is to teach women how to control breathing and relaxation techniques based on tactile stimuli (massage), visual (focusing on the visualization of an object) and auditory stimuli (words of encouragement), which help to eliminate stress and reduce the perception of pain by contractions.
In the Lamaze method, also called Psychoprophylaxis, the father plays a fundamental role, helps the woman with massage and psychological support and actively shares with her the birth of her baby.
Although this method aims to achieve a conscious delivery without pain, this does not mean that it is contrary to the use of epidural anesthesia, in case the woman requests it.
Lamaze’s technique is quite widespread and transcends its function as a method of helping birth, to become a philosophy that understands fatherhood as a vital function.